Algorithmic trading systems wiki


Garbage collection is extremely useful during development as it reduces errors and aids readability. However, it is often sub-optimal for certain high frequency trading strategies. Custom garbage collection is often desired for these cases. In Java, for instance, by tuning the garbage collector and heap configuration, it is possible to obtain high performance for HFT strategies.

Forex Trading Strategies - Online Trading Platforms and

Scaling in software engineering and operations refers to the ability of the system to handle consistently increasing loads in the form of greater requests, higher processor usage and more memory allocation. In algorithmic trading a strategy is able to scale if it can accept larger quantities of capital and still produce consistent returns. The trading technology stack scales if it can endure larger trade volumes and increased latency, without bottlenecking.

What is algorithm? - Definition from

Before deciding on the "best" language with which to write an automated trading system it is necessary to define the requirements. Is the system going to be purely execution based? Will the system require a risk management or portfolio construction module? Will the system require a high-performance backtester? For most strategies the trading system can be partitioned into two categories: Research and signal generation.

The technology choices for a low-frequency US equities strategy will be vastly different from those of a high-frequency statistical arbitrage strategy trading on the futures market. Prior to the choice of language many data vendors must be evaluated that pertain to a the strategy at hand.

One of the most important decisions that must be made at the outset is how to "separate the concerns" of a trading system. In software development, this essentially means how to break up the different aspects of the trading system into separate modular components.

System monitoring is often the domain of the system administrator or operations manager. However, as a sole trading developer, these metrics must be established as part of the larger design. Many solutions for monitoring exist: proprietary, hosted and open source, which allow extensive customisation of metrics for a particular use case.

Similarly, high availability needs to be "baked in from the start". Redundant infrastructure (even at additional expense) must always be considered, as the cost of downtime is likely to far outweigh the ongoing maintenance cost of such systems. I won't delve too deeply into this topic as it is a large area, but make sure it is one of the first considerations given to your trading system. Choosing a Language Considerable detail has now been provided on the various factors that arise when developing a custom high-performance algorithmic trading system. The next stage is to discuss how programming languages are generally categorised.

The components of a trading system, its frequency and volume requirements have been discussed above, but system infrastructure has yet to be covered. Those acting as a retail trader or working in a small fund will likely be "wearing many hats". It will be necessary to be covering the alpha model, risk management and execution parameters, and also the final implementation of the system. Before delving into specific languages the design of an optimal system architecture will be discussed.

Firstly, the major components of an algorithmic trading system will be considered, such as the research tools, portfolio optimiser, risk manager and execution engine. Subsequently, different trading strategies will be examined and how they affect the design of the system. In particular the frequency of trading and the likely trading volume will both be discussed.

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